What is prosthodontics?
This is branch of dentistry which help to modify the position of jaw and malocclusion teeth. They would be more difficult in cleaning and have the risk to earlier losing caused by decay and gum diseases, create more pressure for chewing muscles leading to headache, the TMJ syndrome and neck , shoulder, back pain. The misaligned teeth and malocclusion could also reduce the beauty of their appearance.
The benefits of this method include help to bring the healthier oral, more beautiful appearance to you and the teeth seem to exist during your lifetime.
How can I know I need to have prosthodontics?
Only the prosthodontist could know whether this method could bring you to any benefit or not. Based on the analysis tool includes your medical record and completed oral health, a checkup at dental clinic, your teeth samples ,X ray photos and special pictures, he/she may decide whether this method could be applied for you or not and draw up a
suitable treatment plan after that.
If you have one of any following signal, you need to have prosthodontics:
- Overbite: is the status that the upper front teeth reach too far down over the lower front teeth
- Underbite or occlusal reverse: the lower front teeth are farther forward than theupper front teeth or the upper go into deep inside root
- Crossbite: once closing your mouth the upper overlap the lower
- Openbite: when the front teeth upper not match the lower once closing your mouth, we have a space between the occlusion surface of front teeth and beside teeth.
- Misplaced midline: the front center line between the upper front teeth doesn’t match up with the center line of the lower front teeth.
- Spacing: having space among teeth caused by missing teeth or not enough teeth amount on the jawbone
- Crowding: when there are too many teeth emerging crowdedly on the jawbone
How can prosthodontics operate?
There are a lot of retainers including removable and fixed being used to modify the tooth’s position, gums and effect on the jaw’s growth. They operate by putting directly force on our teeth and jaw. This depends on specific case, we could chose the most suitable one to bring the best results.
The fixed retainers include:
Braces: the most popular one, it contains the splint, bowstring and/or bracket. The splint usually put around one or more teeth and play role as anchor point for them, while the bracket is stick firmly on the front surface of teeth. The sphere bowstring goes through the bracket and fixes firmly into the splints. Tightly the bowstring will increase the force on teeth, gradually shifting them to right places. The brace has been modified monthly to bring the expected results, which could be achieved within few months up to few years. They will become smaller, lighter, less show the metal than previous.
They have brightly color for children and cosmetic design which is preferred by adults.
- The special retainers– are used to control the children’s thumb sucking or tongue thrusting habits, they will be fixed into their teeth by splint. Thanks to inconveniences during eat and drink process caused by them, they will be used as the final methods only.
- Space maintainers– if the children’s teeth has been lost early, a kit of them will be used to keep the space among teeth till the permanent teeth emerge on the jaw. A splint will be fixed into teeth beside the space and a bowstring will be combined to the opposite tooth inside this space.
Removable retainers including:
- Aligners : also called splint, they has been bring for both upper and lower, which help to shift the jaw back to expected positions. They also have been used for temporomandibular joint disorders case.
- Lip and cheek retractors: they are designed to keep the lips and cheeks away from teeth. The lips and cheeks muscles may create the pressure on teeth, they help to reduce these.
- Palatal expander: the equipment is used to expand the upper arch. This is a plastic fit for the upper arch. By tighten the knot into bone of arch will create the force impacting on the plastic which help to expand and widen your arch.
- Removable retainers : worn under the arch, this help the teeth doesn’t upgrade on the front they also have been changed to new one and used to prevent from thumb sucking
- Headgear: this type of retainer including a band placed behind your head and combined with a metal string from frontward or underneath of the chin. This help to slow the lower jaw from growing and keep the back teeth while shifting back the front teeth.
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